Mitchell integrates Redskins

Hall of Famers Published on : 1/1/2005

Few offensive stars ever found more ways to inflict telling damage on a National Football League opponent than did Bobby Mitchell in his 11 seasons with first the Cleveland Browns from 1958 through 1961 and then the Washington Redskins for the next seven seasons.

With the Browns, he teamed with the incomparable Jim Brown  to give Cleveland one of history's finest running back combinations.  With the exception of the 1967 season when he returned to halfback in a team emergency, Bobby was a full-time flanker with the Redskins and he gained the reputation as one of the best catch-run yardage makers in the NFL.  He was also a breakaway threat as a punt and kickoff returner.

His dossier is full of astounding statistics but two stand out above all the others.   During his career, he amassed 14,078 combined yards, a total only Jim Brown and O.J. Simpson  had surpassed at the time of Bobby's induction into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.  Bobby also scored 91 touchdowns -- eighteen of his tallies came on rushing plays, 65 on receptions, three on punt returns and five on kickoff returns.  It is little wonder that NFL defenders winced whenever Bobby got the ball.

To those who played with and against him, it was never doubted that Mitchell would eventually be elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.  In their minds, the only question was "when".  "When" came in 1983 when Bobby was elected with four other luminaries, Sid GillmanBobby BellPaul Warfield and Redskins teammate Sonny Jurgensen .

Mitchell, who was a seventh-round draft pick of the Cleveland Browns in 1958, established what would be a lasting reputation as a big-play scoring threat in his first game after signing a pro contract.  In the College All-Star game, Mitchell raced behind Detroit's all-pro defensive back, Jim David, on an 84-yard bomb and then scored again on an 18-yard aerial from Jim Ninowski as the All-Stars' upset the Lions, 35-19.  Mitchell and Ninowski, both of whom were drafted by the Browns, shared game MVP honors.

His All-Star game touchdowns were just the first of many spectacular scores Mitchell would produce in the next 11 years.  As a rookie with Cleveland, he had a 98-yard kickoff return.  A year later against Washington, Bobby rushed for 232 yards and added 20 yards on receptions.  Included was a 90-yard scoring scamper.  The same year, he returned a punt 78 yards against the New York Giants.

Bobby continued to make the big plays after joining the Redskins in 1962.  In his first game in Washington, he zig-zagged through the entire Dallas team on a 92-yard kickoff return. In 1963, he teamed with George lzo on a record 99-yard passing touchdown .  Later that year, he caught 11 passes for 218 yards and two touchdowns against the Pittsburgh Steelers.  The big-play, big-game recitation could go on and on.

Mitchell was born June 6, 1935, in Hot Springs, Arkansas. At Hot Springs ' Langston High School, he was a fine basketball player, terrific in football and track and good enough in baseball to be offered a contract with the St. Louis Cardinals.  But Bobby desired an education first and selected Illinois from a host of schools that offered him scholarships.

Bobby had a particularly good sophomore year with the Illini.  The first time he handled the football, he raced 64 yards for a touchdown against Michigan.  For the day, he had 173 yards on just 10 carries.  That year, he averaged a record 8.6 yards per rush.

Mitchell was even more successful in track, setting a world record (one that lasted only six days) with a 7.7 mark in the 70-yard indoor low hurdles.  He ran the 100-yard dash In 9.7 and broad jumped 24 feet, 3 inches.  In the Big Ten championships, he scored 13 points to pace Illinois to the title.

Mitchell was blessed with three natural talents — exceptional speed, uncanny faking ability and balance — that were to vault him into pro football stardom.  Yet in spite of these obvious abilities, the 6-0, 195-pounder was not drafted until the seventh round in 195B.  Somehow, the word had gotten around that Mitchell suffered from "a bad case of fumble-itis".

As the 1958 draft progressed and Bobby remained undrafted, Paul Brown , the Cleveland coach-general manager, pondered the situation.  "He looked good to us," Brown recalled.  He had tremendous speed, the ability to shift his weight without faltering and he could stop and start at full speed.  He also noticed that many of his fumbles were not really his fault. He decided to take a chance.  It was really one of the best moves we ever made." Bobby himself wasn't sure he wanted to play pro football.  Even though the 1960 Olympics were still two years away, he had his sights set on competing on the American team.  But he had just married his college sweetheart, Gwen, and with new family responsibilities, he decided he better listen to what the Browns had to say.

Mitchell felt he was too small for a pro halfback and he told the Browns' representative, Paul Bixler, that, if he signed, it would have to be with the understanding that he was to play flanker.  Bixler assured Bobby that, since the resident flanker, Ray Renfro, was ailing, he would have ample opportunity to play that position.

But Renfro bounced back more quickly than expected and Bobby found himself back at halfback, where Coach Paul Brown felt he would be an ideal running mate for Jim Brown.   The coach did recognize Mitchell's potential skills as a pass catcher but he felt that, from a halfback spot, Bobby could utilize his ball-carrying abilities more completely.

During his tour years in Cleveland, Bobby proved his exceptional versatility many times over.  As a Brown, he accounted for 2297 yards rushing, 1463 yards receiving, 607 yards on punt returns and 1550 yards on kickoff returns.  He also scored 38 touchdowns.

Still, Paul Brown was committed to the idea of another big back to pair with Jim Brown and he longed for a chance to acquire Ernie Davis, who like Jim Brown was a collegiate superstar from SyracuseDavis was a cinch to be the first pick in the 1962 draft but that first choice was owned by the Redskins, who had a miserable 1-12-1 record in 1961.  The Redskins had another distinction that of being the only NFL team without a African American player on its roster. Even though the color barrier had been permanently broken in pro football in 1946 and, one by one, all other clubs had added black players to their teams, Washington owner George Preston Marshall  resolutely held out.

But things were changing in Washington.  The Redskins had just moved from ancient Griffith Stadium to the new and government-owned D.C. Stadium.  Secretary of Interior Stewart Udall quickly took the position that the Redskins must conform to the law that prohibits discrimination in federal facilities.  Marshall 's option was to conform or move.

Left with no other choice, Marshall traded first-round draft picks with Cleveland and also received Bobby Mitchell in the deal.  The Redskins' number one draft choice was used to pick another black halfback and two other blacks were also added to the roster for 1962. But only Mitchell prevailed, not only as a superstar but also over a long period of time.

Bill McPeak, in his first year as the Washington coach, immediately announced Mitchell would become a full-time flanker.  Bobby was more than agreeable.  In Cleveland, he had been a star but always in the shadow of Jim Brown.  In reality, his best days came when the opposition gauged up against the big fullback.  All of this coupled with the knowledge that the Browns coveted a bigger running back made the situation tenuous and, as Bobby realized, one that couldn't last.

"I like to catch the ball as well as run with it," Bobby said.   "Everyone said I had the best hands on the Cleveland team but it was just not in the cards there.  Here we have a great passer in Norm Snead.  It's going to be a pleasure playing on his side."

For two seasons, Snead and Mitchell did team up in an unusually potent pass-catch attack.  Bobby led the NFL with 72 receptions for 1384 yards and 11 touchdowns in 1962 and came right back with 69 catches for 1436 yards and seven more touchdowns in 1963.  The next year, Jurgensen replaced Snead as the Washington passer and Sonny also found Bobby to be an inviting target.  During the next four years, Mitchell's reception totals were 60, 60, 58 and 60.

During this period, Mitchell won more than his share of honors.  He was an All-NFL pick in both 1962 and 1964 and he earned three more Pro Bowl invitations to go along with his 1960 bid when he was with the Browns.  In the 1964 Pro Bowl, he was the game's top pass catcher.

In 1967, Otto Graham, who had been Bobby's All-Star game mentor eight years earlier, opted to move Mitchell back to halfback to ease a personnel crisis created in part, at least, by Graham's decision a year earlier to move the team's best running back, Charley Taylor , to wide receiver. Bobby enjoyed only moderate success running the ball but he did catch 60 passes for 866 yards and six touchdowns.

Vince Lombardi , who came on the scene in 1969, promised Bobby a return to the flanker's job and Mitchell eagerly looked forward to a fresh start.  But as training camp progressed, he realized that his 34-year-old legs had simply given out.  Lombardi accepted his retirement decision and quickly installed Bobby in the Redskins' personnel department.

At the time of his retirement, Mitchell ranked in the upper echelon in most of the NFL's career statistical categories. 

Many Bobby Mitchell fans contend that his Pro Football Hall of Fame election was long overdue, coming as it did in his 10th year of eligibility.

If this premise is correct, it may be that the answer lies in Bobby's extreme versatility that is clearly evident in those statistical rankings.  He did exceptionally well in many offensive endeavors but did not rank No. 1 in any one department.  This may have worked as a sort of smoke screen when previous selection committees judged his qualifications.

In the long run, however, it was impossible to ignore Mitchell's more valuable — and much more unusual – trait of being able to do lethal damage any time he carried the football, no matter how he gained possession.